Can diabetes trigger a stroke? Here’s what you need to know


World Stroke Day: Stroke occurs when the brain’s blood supply is restricted

World Stroke Day 2021: More than a third of people over 70 can have a silent stroke and it is possibly the second leading cause of disability. During a stroke, part of the brain is deprived of blood and oxygen, which leads to permanent disabilities such as memory impairment, difficulty deciphering the language or walking.

During a heart attack, the heart’s blood vessel is blocked, reducing the blood supply and damaging this area. In a stroke or stroke, the same process of blocking blood vessels to the brain occurs when part of the brain does not receive enough blood, which results in the death of that area. This leads to loss of brain function. The damaged part of the brain does not recover, causing severe disability for life. A large number of drugs can have a negative impact on the neurological system, the most common being antipsychotic drugs, as they cause sedation, confusion, lack of concentration, affect memory, and in some cases cause parkinsonism and dystonia. Excessive use of drugs can affect the sensorium.

Also read: World Stroke Day 2020: Your 6-Step Guide to Stroke Prevention

Link between these drugs and stroke:

Usually, most drugs are not known to specifically cause strokes. However, recent studies have shown that people with insulin resistance have a higher incidence of stroke. So if you have diabetes, but even an early sign of diabetes like insulin resistance can cause stroke or become a risk factor. So we need to have very strict self-control to avoid stroke. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are a known cause of stroke, in all cases.

How can it be detected?

Insulin resistance can be detected by two methods: the tests detect insulin levels and tell us whether the insulin is working or not, and the glucose tolerance test which tells us if our sugar levels increase when they are faced with glucose.

What are other things / illnesses that can trigger a stroke

The most common condition where we can have a stroke is uncontrolled diabetes and uncontrolled hypertension. A sudden drop in blood pressure can also precipitate a stroke. People with hypercoagulable condition, like COVID-19 and COVID vaccination, it’s unfortunate, but it’s a very small number compared to the 100 crore of vaccines that have been administered. Studies show that about 60 to 70% of COVID patients have long symptoms of covid, the most common being fatigue. The best way to manage them is to exercise regularly.

Risk factors:

  • Arterial hypertension
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Family history of the disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Age

Follow these steps to ensure good cardiovascular health and to prevent long-term strokes:

1. Be physically active

Setting achievable goals, like exercising for 15 to 30 minutes a day, can be a good start. Fun physical activities such as badminton, cricket, jogging or walking are recommended.

2. Eat a healthy diet

A diet high in fiber and low in fat is recommended. Eat plenty of fruits, leafy greens, vegetables, fish, and lean meats for adequate intake of vitamins and minerals. In addition to ensuring nutrition, a healthy diet can also control weight.

3. Stop smoking and limit alcohol consumption

Smoking increases the risk of blocked blood vessels and plaque buildup leading to narrowing of the arteries. In addition, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption can lead to weight gain, high blood pressure and hypertension, thus increasing the risk of stroke.

4. Keep cholesterol levels under control

Eating a diet low in saturated fat, exercise, and cholesterol-lowering medications can help control cholesterol and prevent strokes.

5. Control blood pressure

Constantly high blood pressure can increase plaque buildup and thicken the artery walls 4 to 6 times more, leading to a heart attack or stroke. Blood pressure can be maintained by reducing sodium, alcohol and caffeine intake. Getting regular physical activity can also help regulate blood pressure.

6. Avoid illegal drugs

Some street drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, are established risk factors for TIA or stroke

7. Try mediation and other stress relief activities

Anything that can negatively impact your cardiovascular health increases our risk for stroke. Therefore, especially for young people, it is important that they take care of their stress level and ensure that it becomes an integral part of their life.

(Dr Vinay Goyal, Director – Neurology Institute of Neurosciences, Medanta)

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, adequacy or validity of the information contained in this article. All information is provided as is. The information, facts or opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV assumes no responsibility in this regard.

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