A wok is something many of us have in our kitchen cupboards — yet most people don’t really know how to use it, says Jeremy Pang.
The Chinese-British chef – who runs School Of Wok in London and is a regular face on TV Saturday kitchen and Ready-to-use cooking – says, “The mass market mindset about Asian cooking is significantly more educated today than it was 10 years ago, but basic knowledge of what a wok is and how it should be used are still quite weak. [There’s] not enough in-depth education around this primary piece of equipment that more than a billion people use in China.
Born in the UK to Chinese parents, Pang spent two years growing up in Singapore (“Where I really found my love of food,” he says) and later in Hong Kong, but spent the majority part of her childhood in the UK – while ‘having the best of both worlds’ by traveling extensively through Asia.
Growing up in a “foodie family” – he comes from three generations of Chinese chefs – it was his father who encouraged him to pursue a career in catering before he died in 2009. “He and I had a few disputes that year; I did a three-month internship at Le Cordon Bleu, then I returned to marketing for an electronics company. And he was like, ‘What’s the point? Why did you take this course if you are not going to enter the world of food directly? I guess I didn’t have the confidence. But then when he died, I practically lost my job the day of my father’s funeral. A few weeks later he started teaching people how to cook Chinese food at home – and in 2012 he opened the first permanent location for his cooking school in London.
In his third cookbook, Wok School, Pang shares many of the recipes and practices he teaches in school, working his way through Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, Singaporean, Malaysian and Filipino dishes. “It’s a nice nod to the wonders of Asian cooking – and bringing it home without too much stress,” says Pang.
Basically, every recipe needs a wok, and it turns out, we may have used it wrong. Here are some of the mistakes you could be making…
A lack of preparation
The cardinal sin of stir-frying is tossing the ingredients into a wok before you’ve prepared everything. That’s why Pang came up with a concept he calls “the wok clock”: place all of your pre-measured, ready-to-use ingredients on a plate in the order you’ll add them to the pan – at 12 o’clock. clock, 1 o’clock, 2 o’clock, etc. – before you even think about starting to cook.
“It helps people to separate it and simplify the whole process, which leads to much faster cooking,” says Pang. “It’s like the Wok School implementation version [meaning to prepare and organise your ingredients] in French cuisine.
“Once you’ve got the ingredients ready, it’s all in one place on a plate, and you don’t have to look anywhere else – you don’t have to go back and look for your page in your cookbook.
“Suddenly cooking becomes a lot more enjoyable and a lot easier – and should be a lot faster.”
Thinking stir fries are easy
A stir-fry may be a go-to meal for college students, but it’s gotten an inaccurate reputation for being simple. Yes, stir-frying is quick (“One of the first rules of stir-frying is that if it takes more than five minutes in a wok, it’s not a stir-fry,” says Pang) — but that’s a challenge in and of itself. .
“There are so many intricacies to making the perfect stir-fry,” he says. “What’s difficult is that it happens so quickly, it’s very difficult to learn the intricacies of it in such a short time.”
Not using high enough heat
“You have to get used to the high heat! said Pan.
“One of my catchphrases is never lose your sizzle – if you don’t hear something sizzle, especially a sauté, then you’re not sautéing – you’re boiling.”
Cooling the wok unknowingly
There are several ways to cool the wok, according to Pang. “Number one stirs, number two bends your ingredients around the wok, number three is a wok toss (essentially like flipping a pancake – push forward and a flick back) and number four, which a lot of people scoff., that’s what I call tongue in head (essentially like making an omelet, stirring with your spoon hand and shaking with your left hand).
The third and fourth ways to cool the wok happen very quickly — “within seconds,” he says — and many home cooks accidentally drop the wok’s temperature when they didn’t want it to. not.
Adding new ingredients will also cool the pan. “If you wait 30 seconds between adding each ingredient, then each time it’s more likely that the heat of the wok has increased again,” he explains. “That 30 second wait makes a huge difference to finishing the stir fry.”
Understanding how a wok can cool will help you instinctively control the heat. Pang says, “That’s what we call in Chinese or Cantonese, ‘wok hei’ – the literal translation is ‘wok air’.
“If you understand your wok hei – how to circulate the air around the wok – then you are a good wok master.”
‘Jeremy Pang’s School Of Wok: Delicious Asian food In Minutes’ (published by Hamlyn, £20; photography by Kris Kirkham), available now.